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Context Info
Confidence 0.34
First Reported 2002
Last Reported 2008
Negated 0
Speculated 0
Reported most in Body
Documents 3
Total Number 3
Disease Relevance 0.46
Pain Relevance 0.68

This is a graph with borders and nodes. Maybe there is an Imagemap used so the nodes may be linking to some Pages.

Anatomy Link Frequency
brain 1
arm 1
Tms (Mus musculus)
Pain Link Frequency Relevance Heat
Transcranial magnetic stimulation 45 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Pain 114 89.60 High High
imagery 22 73.92 Quite High
Neuropathic pain 1 55.80 Quite High
phantom limb 17 52.64 Quite High
antidepressant 1 35.04 Quite Low
Deafferentation 4 18.64 Low Low
Central nervous system 3 16.40 Low Low
Pain score 13 5.00 Very Low Very Low Very Low
Anterior cingulate cortex 8 5.00 Very Low Very Low Very Low
Disease Link Frequency Relevance Heat
Pain 130 89.60 High High
Amputation 13 75.80 Quite High
Disease 1 71.12 Quite High
Neuropathic Pain 1 55.80 Quite High
Syndrome 2 50.00 Quite Low
Diabetic Nephropathy 1 50.00 Quite Low
Brain Injury 4 44.76 Quite Low
Frailty 1 38.08 Quite Low
Cognitive Disorder 1 33.68 Quite Low
Parkinson's Disease 1 24.32 Low Low

Sentences Mentioned In

Key: Protein Mutation Event Anatomy Negation Speculation Pain term Disease term
As an artifact of the study design (the exclusion of subjects with prior surgery), the relative frequency of TMS was increased.
Positive_regulation (increased) of TMS
1) Confidence 0.34 Published 2002 Journal Am J Phys Med Rehabil Section Body Doc Link 12023598 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0
Alternatively, the TMS activation of motor output fibers, and perhaps reflex sensory input, would stop brain reorganization.
Positive_regulation (activation) of TMS in brain associated with transcranial magnetic stimulation
2) Confidence 0.29 Published 2008 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Body Doc Link PMC2621395 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.24
Hamzei et al. (2001) studied seven participants who had been missing an arm since childhood (six amputees and one dysmelia)—all demonstrated bilateral structural and functional cortical changes [measured using MRI, fMRI and transcranial stimulation mapping (TMS)], including contralateral and ipsilateral M1 activation in response to finger tapping.
Positive_regulation (activation) of TMS in arm
3) Confidence 0.02 Published 2008 Journal Brain Section Body Doc Link PMC2494616 Disease Relevance 0.46 Pain Relevance 0.44

General Comments

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