INT29368

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Context Info
Confidence 0.41
First Reported 1986
Last Reported 2010
Negated 1
Speculated 2
Reported most in Abstract
Documents 25
Total Number 26
Disease Relevance 11.65
Pain Relevance 5.81

This is a graph with borders and nodes. Maybe there is an Imagemap used so the nodes may be linking to some Pages.

Anatomy Link Frequency
brain 2
superior 1
head 1
body 1
ECT (Homo sapiens)
Pain Link Frequency Relevance Heat
depression 253 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
antidepressant 246 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Nortriptyline 6 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Pain 9 99.58 Very High Very High Very High
Endogenous opioid 9 99.32 Very High Very High Very High
imagery 33 97.74 Very High Very High Very High
narcan 26 97.20 Very High Very High Very High
anesthesia 16 96.16 Very High Very High Very High
palliative 2 92.52 High High
antagonist 2 91.60 High High
Disease Link Frequency Relevance Heat
Depression 328 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Cognitive Disorder 109 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Catatonia 42 99.92 Very High Very High Very High
Convulsion 38 99.84 Very High Very High Very High
Cancer 2 99.76 Very High Very High Very High
Pain 9 99.58 Very High Very High Very High
Amnesia 25 99.36 Very High Very High Very High
Pressure And Volume Under Development 8 98.66 Very High Very High Very High
Complex Regional Pain Syndromes 2 97.12 Very High Very High Very High
Cv General 3 Under Development 5 95.08 Very High Very High Very High

Sentences Mentioned In

Key: Protein Mutation Event Anatomy Negation Speculation Pain term Disease term
This case adds to the growing body of anecdotal evidence supporting an association of falls with ECT and highlights the need for more scientifically rigorous data to clarify whether this apparent association is real and/or causally related.
ECT Binding (association) of in body
1) Confidence 0.41 Published 2008 Journal J ECT Section Abstract Doc Link 18580567 Disease Relevance 0.25 Pain Relevance 0.12
The potential association of falls with ECT has not been well studied.
ECT Binding (association) of
2) Confidence 0.41 Published 2008 Journal J ECT Section Abstract Doc Link 18580567 Disease Relevance 0.27 Pain Relevance 0.14
Although an overwhelming majority did not think ECT was outmoded or causes permanent brain damage, answers about pain associated with ECT and about the dangers associated with the procedure seem to be more evenly split.
ECT Binding (associated) of in brain
3) Confidence 0.41 Published 2009 Journal J ECT Section Body Doc Link 19057398 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0
No specific research has been carried out in Pakistan, but statistics extrapolated from neighboring India, show that despite the high risk associated with unmodified ECT, a large number of psychiatrists continue its use [5].
ECT Binding (associated) of
4) Confidence 0.33 Published 2007 Journal BMC Psychiatry Section Body Doc Link PMC1929082 Disease Relevance 0.39 Pain Relevance 0.13
We present a case of an older woman with a history of recurrent major depressive disorder that required intervention with ECT.
ECT Binding (intervention) of associated with depression
5) Confidence 0.32 Published 2008 Journal J ECT Section Abstract Doc Link 18580567 Disease Relevance 0.27 Pain Relevance 0.12
After completion of the ECT, the Neuro-Wrap was placed on the head of the patient for a maximum of 40 minutes.
ECT Binding (completion) of in head
6) Confidence 0.32 Published 2008 Journal J ECT Section Body Doc Link 18580561 Disease Relevance 0.05 Pain Relevance 0
We report a case of intractable chronic regional pain syndrome (CRPS) with secondary depression in which the depression was treated successfully with an initial acute ECT course, and the pain finally improved with two additional ECT courses.
ECT Binding (improved) of associated with complex regional pain syndromes, pain and depression
7) Confidence 0.32 Published 2009 Journal Med. Sci. Monit. Section Abstract Doc Link 19333208 Disease Relevance 1.07 Pain Relevance 0.67
RESULTS: There is preliminary evidence that concurrent administration of some antidepressant medications may be useful in the highly treatment resistant patient, though due attention should be given to potential risks in combining these with ECT; reduction of the treatment frequency to twice a week; hyperventilation prior to each treatment; and the use of remifentanil to minimise the dosage of induction anaesthetics with anticonvulsant properties, may be useful strategies to enhance seizure production in cases where a high or rapidly rising seizure threshold is a major impediment to ECT treatment.
ECT Binding (combining) of
8) Confidence 0.32 Published 2010 Journal J Affect Disord Section Body Doc Link 19647325 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0
METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of all patients with unrepaired AAA who underwent ECT for severe depressive syndromes at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, between January 1, 1995, and June 30, 2007.
ECT Binding (underwent) of
9) Confidence 0.32 Published 2009 Journal J ECT Section Body Doc Link 19730028 Disease Relevance 0.19 Pain Relevance 0
ECT combined with benzodiazepines has been associated with reduced efficacy and efficiency and therefore is not recommended in the routine practice of ECT.
ECT Binding (associated) of
10) Confidence 0.31 Published 1997 Journal Biol. Psychiatry Section Abstract Doc Link 9276078 Disease Relevance 0.26 Pain Relevance 0
The depression-relieving effect of ECT is bound to seizure activity and not, or only slightly, to other effects of electrical stimulation.
ECT Binding (bound) of associated with convulsion and depression
11) Confidence 0.31 Published 1996 Journal Convuls Ther Section Abstract Doc Link 8872406 Disease Relevance 0.75 Pain Relevance 0.16
Aim:

This study examined alteration in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 relaxation time, a measure of brain edema, and its relation to therapeutic efficacy, orientation and memory impairment with ECT.


ECT Neg (impairment) Spec (examined) Binding (impairment) of in brain associated with cognitive disorder, pressure and volume under development and imagery
12) Confidence 0.30 Published 2007 Journal Indian Journal of Psychiatry Section Abstract Doc Link PMC2902093 Disease Relevance 0.78 Pain Relevance 0.25
The anaesthesiologist should therefore remain vigilant at all times, as untoward responses during ECT might occur suddenly due to interactions between psychotropics, anaesthetic agents and/or ECT.
ECT Spec (might) Binding (interactions) of
13) Confidence 0.30 Published 2002 Journal CNS Drugs Section Abstract Doc Link 11945107 Disease Relevance 0.47 Pain Relevance 0.47
In contrast to previous literature, this evidence suggests that low dosage ECT, and to some extent, high dosage ECT may be associated with increased self-report memory functioning.
ECT Binding (associated) of
14) Confidence 0.29 Published 2008 Journal Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Section Body Doc Link PMC2526376 Disease Relevance 0.38 Pain Relevance 0
In contrast to previous literature, this evidence suggests that low dosage ECT, and to some extent, high dosage ECT may be associated with increased self-report memory functioning.
ECT Binding (associated) of
15) Confidence 0.29 Published 2008 Journal Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Section Body Doc Link PMC2526376 Disease Relevance 0.32 Pain Relevance 0
Of the 20 patients who did not have ECT, 11 patients did not have a current major depressive episode, eight patients refused to have ECT, and one patient preferred to continue with antidepressant medication.
ECT Binding (refused) of associated with antidepressant and depression
16) Confidence 0.28 Published 2002 Journal BMC Psychiatry Section Body Doc Link PMC65527 Disease Relevance 0.50 Pain Relevance 0.23
This study suggests that there may be a greater need to discuss the intermittent cognitive risks associated with ECT when obtaining informed consent prior to treatment.
ECT Binding (associated) of associated with cognitive disorder
17) Confidence 0.28 Published 2008 Journal Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Section Abstract Doc Link PMC2526376 Disease Relevance 0.46 Pain Relevance 0.13
Although there is clear evidence in other species that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is associated with changes in endogenous opioid activity, there are few data available for such a role in man.
ECT Binding (associated) of associated with endogenous opioid
18) Confidence 0.27 Published 1987 Journal Psychiatry Res Section Abstract Doc Link 2829259 Disease Relevance 0.08 Pain Relevance 0.36
By combining ECT with tumor-specific immunostimulating approaches, such as perilesional IL-2, CpG oligonucleotides or prior immunogene therapy, there is a promise of both local and systemic control of this disease.
ECT Binding (combining) of associated with cancer and disease
19) Confidence 0.26 Published 2009 Journal Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Section Abstract Doc Link 19895245 Disease Relevance 0.51 Pain Relevance 0.09
Human CT was much weaker than sCT in displacing [125I]-ECT binding.
ECT Binding (binding) of
20) Confidence 0.10 Published 1986 Journal Peptides Section Abstract Doc Link 3016684 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.28

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