INT31341

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Context Info
Confidence 0.60
First Reported 1987
Last Reported 2010
Negated 0
Speculated 1
Reported most in Body
Documents 15
Total Number 16
Disease Relevance 11.57
Pain Relevance 12.29

This is a graph with borders and nodes. Maybe there is an Imagemap used so the nodes may be linking to some Pages.

Anatomy Link Frequency
lateral 3
spinal 1
blood 1
spinal component 1
sensorium 1
CSE (Homo sapiens)
Pain Link Frequency Relevance Heat
epidural 798 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
anesthesia 115 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
intrathecal 125 99.98 Very High Very High Very High
analgesia 586 99.62 Very High Very High Very High
backache 7 99.40 Very High Very High Very High
headache 52 98.44 Very High Very High Very High
Pain 139 91.52 High High
ischemia 21 91.20 High High
Dismenorea 10 89.80 High High
Central nervous system 2 87.00 High High
Disease Link Frequency Relevance Heat
Epidural Abscess 20 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Subdural Empyema 20 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Meningitis 20 99.98 Very High Very High Very High
Sinusitis 2 99.84 Very High Very High Very High
Pressure Volume 2 Under Development 35 99.62 Very High Very High Very High
Low Back Pain 9 99.40 Very High Very High Very High
Neurologic Manifestations 6 98.88 Very High Very High Very High
Fever 4 98.72 Very High Very High Very High
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction 19 98.48 Very High Very High Very High
Bacteremia 5 98.48 Very High Very High Very High

Sentences Mentioned In

Key: Protein Mutation Event Anatomy Negation Speculation Pain term Disease term
Thus, the position used for induction of CSE should be among the factors considered when there is greater maternal or fetal risk from hypotension.
Positive_regulation (induction) of CSE associated with anesthesia and pressure volume 2 under development
1) Confidence 0.60 Published 1998 Journal Anesth. Analg. Section Abstract Doc Link 9728840 Disease Relevance 0.63 Pain Relevance 0.80
RESULTS: Randomization occurred in 127 patients: 63 received EPI, 64 received CSE.
Positive_regulation (received) of CSE in EPI
2) Confidence 0.43 Published 2009 Journal Int J Gynaecol Obstet Section Body Doc Link 19481203 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0
Factors contributing to trafficking for CSE
Positive_regulation (contributing) of CSE
3) Confidence 0.40 Published 2008 Journal Int J Equity Health Section Body Doc Link PMC2569945 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0
In conclusion, the severity and duration of hypotension were greater when CSE was induced in the sitting compared with the lateral decubitus position.
Positive_regulation (induced) of CSE in lateral associated with anesthesia, pressure volume 2 under development and decubitus ulcers
4) Confidence 0.40 Published 1998 Journal Anesth. Analg. Section Abstract Doc Link 9728840 Disease Relevance 0.61 Pain Relevance 0.92
The severity and duration of hypotension were greater in those parturients who had CSE induced in the sitting (47%+/-7% and 6+/-3 min, respectively) compared with the lateral recumbent position (32%+/-14% and 3+/-2 min, respectively).
Positive_regulation (induced) of CSE in lateral associated with anesthesia and pressure volume 2 under development
5) Confidence 0.40 Published 1998 Journal Anesth. Analg. Section Abstract Doc Link 9728840 Disease Relevance 0.57 Pain Relevance 0.89
IMPLICATIONS: We studied the induction of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSE) in the sitting versus lateral recumbent positions in healthy women undergoing a scheduled cesarean delivery.
Positive_regulation (induction) of CSE in lateral associated with anesthesia and epidural
6) Confidence 0.40 Published 1998 Journal Anesth. Analg. Section Abstract Doc Link 9728840 Disease Relevance 0.60 Pain Relevance 0.90
The severity and duration of hypotension were greater when CSE was induced in the sitting position.
Positive_regulation (induced) of CSE associated with anesthesia and pressure volume 2 under development
7) Confidence 0.40 Published 1998 Journal Anesth. Analg. Section Abstract Doc Link 9728840 Disease Relevance 0.55 Pain Relevance 0.87
However, the use of small-gauge atraumatic pencil point spinal needles, such as Whitacre, Pencan, Sprotte, and Gertie Marx, greatly reduce the incidence of PDPH in patients receiving CSE.25 Norris and coworkers26 reported that the patients who received only epidural analgesia were more likely to suffer accidental dural puncture (two-fold increase; epidural vs CSE = 4.2%:1.7%).
Positive_regulation (increase) of CSE in puncture associated with epidural, headache and analgesia
8) Confidence 0.39 Published 2010 Journal International Journal of Women's Health Section Body Doc Link PMC2971703 Disease Relevance 0.63 Pain Relevance 1.72
Despite these advantages, the obstetric anesthesia workforce survey reported that less than 10% of all hospitals use CSE in the year 2001.18 Although CSE seems to be a straight-forward technique, there still remain some concerns.


Positive_regulation (use) of CSE associated with anesthesia and epidural
9) Confidence 0.39 Published 2010 Journal International Journal of Women's Health Section Body Doc Link PMC2971703 Disease Relevance 0.70 Pain Relevance 1.66
Advantages of CSE for labor
Positive_regulation (Advantages) of CSE associated with epidural
10) Confidence 0.39 Published 2010 Journal International Journal of Women's Health Section Body Doc Link PMC2971703 Disease Relevance 0.08 Pain Relevance 1.38
However, case reports of meningitis following CSE appeared in the journals beginning mid 1990s.30–32 There was also a case of aseptic meningitis associated with the spinal component of the CSE technique.33
Positive_regulation (following) of CSE in spinal component associated with meningitis, epidural and viral meningitis
11) Confidence 0.39 Published 2010 Journal International Journal of Women's Health Section Body Doc Link PMC2971703 Disease Relevance 1.04 Pain Relevance 0.92
The maintenance of labor analgesia after intrathecal induction with a CSE technique is commonly achieved with the use of a continuous epidural infusion, which is usually initiated prior to regression of spinal analgesia.
Positive_regulation (induction) of CSE in spinal associated with epidural, intrathecal and analgesia
12) Confidence 0.37 Published 2010 Journal International Journal of Women's Health Section Body Doc Link PMC2971703 Disease Relevance 0.16 Pain Relevance 1.35
As shown in Table 6, At the 60th min, the level of blood glucose of the mice in the CSE group was increased from 92.1 ± 17.9 mg/mL to 102.6 ± 9.0 mg/mL at the 60th min, after the mice were injected (s.c.) with L-alanine.
Positive_regulation (increased) of CSE in blood
13) Confidence 0.12 Published 2009 Journal Nutr Metab (Lond) Section Body Doc Link PMC2785813 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0
CSE-8 and CSE-10 treated rats showed a significant increase in grip strength, as compared to the MCAO group (P < 0.01) (Table 1).
Positive_regulation (increase) of CSE associated with middle cerebral artery infarction
14) Confidence 0.04 Published 2010 Journal Behav Brain Funct Section Body Doc Link PMC2984477 Disease Relevance 1.03 Pain Relevance 0.08
Diagnosis of CSE and CEA was facilitated by CT scanning, while clinical examination, CT scanning, and myelography were useful in diagnosing SEA; SSE was not suspected preoperatively.
Spec (examination) Positive_regulation (facilitated) of CSE associated with subdural empyema and epidural abscess
15) Confidence 0.03 Published 1987 Journal South. Med. J. Section Abstract Doc Link 2889269 Disease Relevance 2.53 Pain Relevance 0.41
Both CSE and CEA were often caused by sinusitis and manifested by fever, headache, altered sensorium, and focal neurologic signs.
Positive_regulation (caused) of CSE in sensorium associated with sinusitis, subdural empyema, epidural abscess, headache, fever and neurologic manifestations
16) Confidence 0.03 Published 1987 Journal South. Med. J. Section Abstract Doc Link 2889269 Disease Relevance 2.44 Pain Relevance 0.40

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