| Among the findings: peptic ulcer disease is a significant predisposing risk factor (odds ratio = 3.9) for pancreatic cancer; as many as 50% of all intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are associated with invasive adenocarcinomas; alteration of gene expression via methylation of a gene promotor region constitutes a potentially reversible method of tumor suppressor gene inactivation; > 400 transcriptional alterations of gene expression have been identified for pancreatic cancer; some common molecular markers such as p53 and HER-2/neu may be related to morphologic alterations of in situ neoplasia and to transcriptional alterations of gene expression rather than mutational events; epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), and related molecules may modulate gene transcription via "autocrine" or "paracrine" mechanisms; several cytokines, amylin (islet amyloid polypeptide), and other cachexia factors are responsible for paraneoplastic peripheral insulin resistance, ineffective utilization of glucose, and profound cachexia.
| Spec (may) Positive_regulation (related) of neu associated with peptic ulcer disease, alzheimer's dementia, insulin resistance, disease, cytokine, adenocarcinoma, appetite loss, cancer and pancreatic cancer
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