INT915

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Context Info
Confidence 0.70
First Reported 1975
Last Reported 2010
Negated 14
Speculated 13
Reported most in Abstract
Documents 342
Total Number 355
Disease Relevance 141.96
Pain Relevance 104.31

This is a graph with borders and nodes. Maybe there is an Imagemap used so the nodes may be linking to some Pages.

cell proliferation (PRL) cytosol (PRL) extracellular region (PRL)
Anatomy Link Frequency
plasma 48
pituitary 9
blood 6
thyroid 6
cerebrospinal fluid 4
PRL (Homo sapiens)
Pain Link Frequency Relevance Heat
agonist 2083 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Morphine 569 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
narcan 264 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
carbamazepine 257 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
anesthesia 121 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
substance P 98 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Enkephalin 43 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Buprenorphine 21 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
noradrenaline 12 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Opioid receptor 1 3 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Disease Link Frequency Relevance Heat
Hypertension 513 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Stress 438 100.00 Very High Very High Very High
Pneumoperitoneum 5 99.96 Very High Very High Very High
Galactorrhea 11478 99.92 Very High Very High Very High
Reprotox - General 1 2574 99.88 Very High Very High Very High
Headache 147 99.88 Very High Very High Very High
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 316 99.82 Very High Very High Very High
Depression 907 99.80 Very High Very High Very High
Pituitary Cancer 367 99.80 Very High Very High Very High
Diabetes Mellitus 124 99.80 Very High Very High Very High

Sentences Mentioned In

Key: Protein Mutation Event Anatomy Negation Speculation Pain term Disease term
In order to ascertain whether there is a relation between opioids and the serotoninergic system in prolactin (PRL) secretion increase, we investigated in seven healthy men (21 to 26 years of age) the effect of naloxone, a specific opioid antagonist, on PRL secretion induced by fenfluramine, a drug that stimulates serotonin release and inhibits its re-uptake.
Positive_regulation (increase) of prolactin associated with antagonist, narcan, serotonin and opioid
1) Confidence 0.70 Published 1985 Journal Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) Section Abstract Doc Link 3987071 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.44
We observed that subjects receiving fenfluramine (60 mg orally) had a significantly (P less than 0.001) higher increase in PRL plasma levels than the controls receiving placebo.
Positive_regulation (increase) of PRL in plasma
2) Confidence 0.70 Published 1985 Journal Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) Section Abstract Doc Link 3987071 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.68
In order to ascertain whether there is a relation between opioids and the serotoninergic system in prolactin (PRL) secretion increase, we investigated in seven healthy men (21 to 26 years of age) the effect of naloxone, a specific opioid antagonist, on PRL secretion induced by fenfluramine, a drug that stimulates serotonin release and inhibits its re-uptake.
Positive_regulation (increase) of PRL associated with antagonist, narcan, serotonin and opioid
3) Confidence 0.70 Published 1985 Journal Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) Section Abstract Doc Link 3987071 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.44
Intravenous administration of 2,5 mg/kg piperoxane produced a rapid and significant increase in serum PRL concentrations in four non-human primates.
Positive_regulation (increase) of PRL
4) Confidence 0.70 Published 1978 Journal Endocrinology Section Abstract Doc Link 217617 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.12
Activation of the stress response in meerkats by capture and ketamine hydrochloride anesthesia caused short-term but significant increases in prolactin levels in individuals bled repeatedly.
Positive_regulation (increases) of prolactin associated with stress, anesthesia and ketamine
5) Confidence 0.70 Published 2003 Journal Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. Section Abstract Doc Link 12568792 Disease Relevance 0.10 Pain Relevance 0.22
FK 33-824 significantly (P < 0.001) increased Prl and FWC and reduced urinary concentrations of AVP (P < 0.01).
Positive_regulation (increased) of Prl
6) Confidence 0.70 Published 1980 Journal Acta Endocrinol. Section Abstract Doc Link 6252744 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.34
His serum PRL levels were slightly elevated (38 ng/ml), whereas concentrations of the other adenohypophysial hormones were within normal range.
Positive_regulation (elevated) of PRL
7) Confidence 0.70 Published 2004 Journal Acta Neuropathol. Section Abstract Doc Link 15173951 Disease Relevance 1.00 Pain Relevance 0.09
Prolactin increase may further inhibit libido.
Positive_regulation (increase) of Prolactin associated with reprotox - general 3
8) Confidence 0.70 Published 2000 Journal Maturitas Section Abstract Doc Link 10759059 Disease Relevance 1.08 Pain Relevance 0.19
Significant increases in serum prolactin levels were seen after all dynorphin doses; however, these were not dose-related.
Positive_regulation (increases) of prolactin associated with dynorphin
9) Confidence 0.70 Published 1998 Journal Psychopharmacology (Berl.) Section Abstract Doc Link 9676891 Disease Relevance 0.19 Pain Relevance 0.97
Thioridazine was found to increase the serum prolactin level as well as the tumor size of a prolactin--secreting pituitary chromophobe adenoma in a schizophrenic man.
Positive_regulation (increase) of prolactin in pituitary associated with cancer, chromophobe adenoma and schizophrenia
10) Confidence 0.70 Published 1985 Journal Gen Hosp Psychiatry Section Abstract Doc Link 4065553 Disease Relevance 0.52 Pain Relevance 0.09
This case report highlights the importance of careful neuroleptic usage in patients in whom elevated prolactin levels are of concern and discusses alternative methods of treating psychosis when antidopaminergic medications are contraindicated.
Positive_regulation (elevated) of prolactin associated with psychosis
11) Confidence 0.70 Published 1985 Journal Gen Hosp Psychiatry Section Abstract Doc Link 4065553 Disease Relevance 0.61 Pain Relevance 0.09
Mean basal levels of PRL were significantly elevated in nursing women (P less than 0.01) compared to those in nonlactating postpartum women and women with galactorrhea.
Positive_regulation (elevated) of PRL associated with galactorrhea
12) Confidence 0.70 Published 1990 Journal J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. Section Abstract Doc Link 2118537 Disease Relevance 0.18 Pain Relevance 0.09
D-fenfluramine test significantly increased PRL and cortisol plasma levels and Clonidine test induced a significant rise in GH values.
Positive_regulation (increased) of PRL in plasma associated with clonidine
13) Confidence 0.70 Published 2000 Journal Psychoneuroendocrinology Section Abstract Doc Link 10818282 Disease Relevance 0 Pain Relevance 0.64
Patients given human menopausal gonadotropin and clomiphene citrate had significantly higher levels of plasma PRL compared to those given clomiphene only.
Positive_regulation (levels) of PRL in plasma associated with endometriosis (extended)
14) Confidence 0.70 Published 1985 Journal J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. Section Abstract Doc Link 3919045 Disease Relevance 0.27 Pain Relevance 0.18
Several uncontrolled studies assessed prolactin rise during SSRI treatment, though only paroxetine-treated patients exhibited statistically significant elevations, while all subjects on fluoxetine, sertraline or venlafaxine showed not significant elevations of basal prolactin (Urban and Veldhuis 1991; Spigset and Mjorndal 1997; Cowen and Sargent 1997).
Neg (not) Positive_regulation (elevations) of prolactin associated with ssri and fluoxetine
15) Confidence 0.70 Published 2007 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Body Doc Link PMC2376090 Disease Relevance 0.49 Pain Relevance 0.72
However, it has not been entirely clarified whether the serotoninergic or the dopaminergic system is especially accountable for the buspirone-induced prolactin secretive response (Maskall et al 1995) (Figure 2).
Spec (whether) Positive_regulation (induced) of prolactin
16) Confidence 0.70 Published 2007 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Body Doc Link PMC2376090 Disease Relevance 0.67 Pain Relevance 0.37
However, since the prolactin secretory pattern of drug-free psychiatric patients, measured throughout the day, is not different from that observed in healthy control subjects, the elevation of baseline prolactin in treated psychiatric patients seems to be more related to drug effects rather than to the illness itself (Haddad and Wieck 2004).
Positive_regulation (elevation) of prolactin
17) Confidence 0.70 Published 2007 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Body Doc Link PMC2376090 Disease Relevance 0.66 Pain Relevance 0.21
Among those, sertraline appears to be the most frequent cause of sustained hyperprolactinemia, but also fluoxetine and paroxetine may induce pathologic and symptomatic increases in prolactin levels.
Positive_regulation (increases) of prolactin associated with galactorrhea and fluoxetine
18) Confidence 0.70 Published 2007 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Body Doc Link PMC2376090 Disease Relevance 0.64 Pain Relevance 0.48
Amisulpride-induced hyperprolactinemia is reported after both acute and chronic treatment and does not seem to be strongly dose-related: samples taken during the first eight hours following 20 or 100 mg i.v. single administration in ten healthy subjects revealed a significant elevation of prolactin levels (8–10 fold above baseline) (Wetzel et al 1994).
Positive_regulation (elevation) of prolactin associated with galactorrhea
19) Confidence 0.70 Published 2007 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Body Doc Link PMC2376090 Disease Relevance 0.16 Pain Relevance 0.17
Several drugs may determine a significant increase in prolactin serum concentration that is frequently associated with symptoms.
Spec (determine) Positive_regulation (increase) of prolactin
20) Confidence 0.70 Published 2007 Journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management Section Abstract Doc Link PMC2376090 Disease Relevance 0.42 Pain Relevance 0.03

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